Voting behaviour in nigeria
Examine the voting behaviour in nigeria
This shows that election is equally devoid of ethnic consideration. Studies on elections show that transiting from one regime to another is often the problem in most African state Falana, But that is not to say that a country cannot experience free, fair and credible election, at least the election that brought President Obama of United States and late Prof. The need for the electorates to make the right choice, resist the temptation to sell votes, makes necessary sacrifices for political development and nation building, etc. But anyone who works with extensive data on a social process as important as a presidential election must feel a responsibility to provide some historical description. This indicates that voters in election are conditioned by many factors which inform of their decision to vote for a political party of candidates. This gives a good explanation on why psephologists political scientists who study voting and elections empirically regard it as a subset of electoral behavior, which can be explained to the totality of behavioral patterns of the electorates of any named constituency during an electioneering period. The violence that occurs before, during and after elections often brings about instability in the political system of most African countries, with Nigeria inclusive. Democracy requires an active citizenry because it is through discussion, popular interest, and involvement in politics that societal goals should be defined and carried out. The definition of voting behaviour by Kini is all encompassing as it has take all attributes of electoral behaviour into consideration.
People decide which party if any they identify with based on how they feel about the social groups that comprise the party base. This is a pertinent question; there has been much concern in the past few years that the citizens are disengaging from the political process, as shown by the continuing decline in voter turnout at all levels of elections.
Voting pattern in nigeria
According to Larry , the Michigan model, like their counterparts at Columbia, did not originally set out to study voting behavior. The way election is conducted in a country determines to a great extent the level of political culture, political participation and good governance in the country. Citizens of modern democratic nations are properly informed about the political actions of their leaders, as such, people are now politically identified and displayed their political adequacy concerning voting, public opinion and challenging government policies based on their party identification. Candidates won appreciably in areas outside their ethnic homelands in some instances and in others, some lost in their own ethnic localities. Rather it is widespread and every ethnic group in Nigeria is guilty of it in various ways and in varying degrees. Campbell; A. Green, P. Part one is introduction, part two is conceptual clarifications, part three is party identification model, part four is voting behaviour of Nigerians and part five is conclusion and recommendations. Campbell, A. Therefore, this study intends to fill this gap by undertaking to study and find out the reason s for the decline of voters participation in the electoral process. Bush of the United States was alleged to have been marred by irregularities in the state of Florida Falana,
Such problems as electoral malpractice and inability to practice democratic governance have their basis, to a large extent, in ethnicity. Newhaven: Yale University Press. To be pragmatic on this stands, this study will use Lagos State as a constituency in the presidential election and recourse to a pre-election survey and opinion poll conducted in Lagos State.
It is imperative therefore, to understand the sources and character of political abstention.
Others are patterns of trust, feelings of efficacy, political engagement and disengagement at individual, group and regional levels Fawole, In antique Greece, voting was not much for elections to offices, which were packed on the jury principles or arbitrary selection.
Larry, M. It is vividly acknowledged that the entire electoral processes was attributed by radical and massive information by the electorates which also undoubtedly informed their decision to be aligned and identified with a political party of their choice based on issues and in line with modern democracies party identification as oppose to past ethnic and religions inclinations.
The study of Electoral Behaviour, www. Specifically, their predictions and inferences are based on: 1 the party 11 respondents think will likely win the elections, and 2 the candidates respondents reported they would actually vote for. Several factors that affect voter electoral behaviour have been highlighted in relevant literature.
CPP Juxtaposing the views of the respondent and driver for choice of political party and candidate in presidential election of the study area, one will recap that Michigan Model of party identification was highly effective.
This is to say that voters did not only look at the personalities of APC candidate but take into consideration the policies and program the party promised to execute if they are voted into power.
based on 11 review